Student Assistance Program (SAP)
The Student Assistance Program (SAP) provides mental health and therapy support to the City of Pembroke Pines Charter Schools. SAP was modeled after the Multi-Tier System of Support (MTSS) approach utilized in schools to maximize student access to behavior and academic support. At the universal level (Tier 1), SAP attempts to provide general mental health support by providing training and support to school personnel as well as facilitating parent talks on various mental health topics. At Tier 2, the targeted level, SAP provides in-class consultative support for teachers working with select students that have been identified with a need. Lastly, at Tier 3, the intensive level, SAP can provide individual therapy to students identified with a need and referred to the program by school personnel. For more information on SAP services or to inquire about the referral process for individual therapy, please reach out to your school counselor.
SAP Tip of the Month
Practicing positive psychology can help develop happiness and resiliency. Positive psychology focuses on building and developing good aspects of our lives rather than on exploring and understanding problems. Once a week, perhaps during mealtime or car rides, caregivers and children can discuss one of the prompts below.
· Talk about something nice you did this week.
· Share an accomplishment you are proud of for the week.
· Describe how someone showed you kindness this past week.
· Explain the best part of your week.
Children with healthy self-esteem have a balanced view of themselves. Specifically, they are able to recognize and accept both their strengths and weaknesses. This allows them to hold realistic expectations of themselves. One way to help children develop healthy self-esteem is to have them list or identify traits that they consider personal strengths and note some traits that might be personal weaknesses. For instance, “I am good at writing but am not very artistic.”
Good at Math
Good at Reading
September is Suicide Prevention Month. Research shows that when youth have thoughts about suicide, talking with them about it in a caring and non-judgmental way may reduce the risk of suicide rather than increase it. Adults can also help keep youth safe by removing access to any lethal means and by connecting youth with a support network.
It’s common for children to experience an increase in worry and nervousness when returning back to school. One way to help children work through their worries is to first validate their feelings (e.g., “I understand you are worried about…”). Then help them come up with healthier thoughts about their worries (e.g., “I might not know anyone but I could meet new people that are nice.”). For this strategy to work, children need to play an active role in developing healthy thoughts so parents should avoid the temptation of offering reassurance during this time.
May is Mental Health Awareness Month. Our words matter. Get tips on how to start a conversation about mental health with a friend or loved one at samhsa.gov/mental-health/how-to-talk/friends-and-family-members #MHAM2023 #Together4MH
Sometimes we experience feelings of sadness because we are thinking about something that happened in the past or feelings of worry because we are thinking about something that might happen in the future. Via mindfulness exercises, we can pay more attention to the present moment and reduce feelings of worry or sadness. One quick mindfulness exercise that can help you become grounded is to notice what you are experiencing with your five senses. To do this exercise, take a moment to notice one thing you see by looking around, one thing you feel by paying attention to pressure or temperature on your skin, one thing you hear by listening to sounds around you, one thing you smell by breathing in, and one thing you taste by eating or drinking something.
Research demonstrates that practicing gratitude daily can improve resiliency and overall well-being (e.g., Wislon, 2016). A simple way to practice gratitude with your family is to schedule a regular time, perhaps during mealtime or car rides, in which both children and caregivers partake. During this time, take turns reflecting on something that happened that day, no matter how small. Explain why you are grateful for the event or occurrence. The key to benefiting from this practice is to do it consistently and genuinely reflect on sources of gratitude.
Spending quality time with your child will not only improve your relationship with them but can also improve their behavior and self-esteem. Research shows that just five to ten minutes a day is enough time. The key to making it quality time is to participate in an interactive activity and engage in the child’s preferred activity (perhaps coloring or throwing a ball). During this time, caregivers should actually avoid asking too many questions or giving commands. Instead, follow your child’s lead, reflect and summarize what they share with you, and praise anything positive you observe (e.g., “I really like how focused you are now” or “Thanks for sharing that with me”).
Active listening is an important skill that can enhance communication between parents and children. Reflecting (or summarizing back the message you understood) when your child shares something can be more powerful than asking questions. For instance, if your child shares something that occurred during their school day, a good reflection might start by stating, “I hear you saying that…” This may encourage your child to share more as they will feel heard and understood.
Research shows that excessive social media use negatively impacts mental health. for instance, in one study, as daily social media usage increased throughout the day, participants would rate themselves lower on a self-esteem measure (Jan et al.,2017). One strategy to help youth reduce social media use is to agree on set times during the day in which social media use is not allowed such as mealtime and bedtime.